HumanInsight Utilizing Data from Wearable Technologies In the Era of Telemedicine to Assess Patient Function and Outcomes in Neurosurgery: Systematic Review and Time-Trend Analysis of the Literature
World Neurosurg. 2022 Jul 14:S1878-8750(22)00983-4. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2022.07.036. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has driven the increased use of telemedicine and the adoption of wearable technology in neurosurgery. We reviewed studies exploring use of wearables on neurosurgical patients and analyzed wearables' scientific production trends.
METHODS: The review encompassed PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. Bibliometric analysis was performed using citation data of the included studies through Elsevier's Scopus database. Linear regression was utilized to understand scientific production trends. All analyses were performed on R 4.1.2.
RESULTS: We identified 979 studies. After screening, 49 studies were included. Most studies evaluated wearable technology use for patients with spinal pathology (n=31). The studies were published in a 24-year period (1998-2021). Forty-seven studies involved wearable device-use relevant to telemedicine. Bibliometric analysis revealed a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.3%, adjusted for inflation, in annual scientific production from 1998 to 2021 (coefficient=1.3; 95% C.I. = [0.7, 1.9], p<0.01). Scientific production steadily increased in 2014 (n=1) and peaked from 2019 (n=8) to 2021 (n=13) in correlation with the COVID-19 pandemic. Publications spanned 34 journals, averaged 24.4 citations per article, 3.0 citations per year per article, and 8.3 authors per article.
CONCLUSION: Wearables can provide clinicians with objective measurements to determine patient function and quality of life. The rise in articles related to wearables in neurosurgery demonstrates the increased adoption of wearable devices during the COVID-19 pandemic. Wearable devices appear to be a key component in this era of telemedicine and their positive utility and practicality are increasingly being realized in neurosurgery.
PMID:35843580 | DOI:10.1016/j.wneu.2022.07.036
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