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Unusual and lesser-known rare causes of adult growth hormone deficiency

HumanInsight Unusual and lesser-known rare causes of adult growth hormone deficiency

Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2023 Aug 28:101820. doi: 10.1016/j.beem.2023.101820. Online ahead of print.


Growth hormone is among the most common hormones to be deficient in pituitary insult. It can occur either in isolation or combined with other hormone deficiencies. Growth hormone deficiency in adults (AGHD) can be due to causes acquired in adulthood or have a childhood-onset etiology, but the former is about three times more common. Usual causes of AGHD include mass effects due to a pituitary tumour, and/or its treatment (surgery, medical therapy, or radiotherapy), or radiotherapy to the head and neck region for non-pituitary lesions. The unusual or lesser-known causes of AGHD, are usually due to non-tumoral etiology and range from vascular and infective to inflammatory and miscellaneous causes. These not only expand the spectrum of AGHD but may also contribute to increased morbidity, adverse metabolic consequences, and mortality due to the primary condition, if unrecognised. The review features these lesser-known and rare causes of AGHD and highlights their clinical and diagnostic implications.

PMID:37704550 | DOI:10.1016/j.beem.2023.101820

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