HumanInsight Understanding Drivers of Telemedicine in Pediatric Medical Care
Telemed J E Health. 2022 Sep 6. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2022.0293. Online ahead of print.
Purpose: As the demand for telemedicine services continues, greater knowledge about health care delivery preferences can inform high quality, efficient care. The present study sought to evaluate patient and family characteristics that may influence telemedicine utilization, particularly the choice between telephone and video telemedicine visits. Methods: This is a single-site cross-sectional, mixed methods study aimed at identifying factors associated with use of telephone and video telemedicine visits with pediatric patients and their families. Results: Seven hundred seventy-five (n = 775) caregivers completed a survey and 22 caregivers participated in follow-up focus groups and interviews. Findings indicate that female caregivers, those with higher education levels, and those with experience with technology were more likely to choose video telemedicine visits. Qualitative feedback provided several valuable recommendations based on patient/family experiences, which fell into four categories, including scheduling, accessibility, treatment resources, and care coordination. Conclusion: Findings demonstrate that previous experience, familiarity, and technology access may be important drivers in health care modality preference. Key elements that emerged relevant to user satisfaction and overall quality of the telemedicine experience: caregiver choice on visit type (telemedicine vs. in-person), child health care needs, and telemedicine education/training. As society moves toward pay-per-performance and value-based reimbursement, it is imperative that we focus on experience, health care needs, and training to improve patient experience and lower health care costs.
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