HumanInsight The Uptake of Telemedicine in Obstetric Care During the Early Acute Phase of the Coronavirus 2019 Pandemic
Telemed J E Health. 2022 Sep 6. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2022.0291. Online ahead of print.
Introduction: The early acute phase of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic created rapid adaptation in health care delivery. Methods: Using electronic medical record data from two different institutions located in two different states, we examined how telemedicine was integrated into obstetric care. Results: With no telemedicine use prior, both institutions rapidly incorporated telemedicine into prenatal care (PNC). There were significant patient-level and institutional-level differences in telemedicine use. Telemedicine users initiated PNC earlier and had more total visits, earlier timing of ultrasounds, and earlier diabetes screening during pregnancy compared with nonusers. There were no significant differences in delivery mode or stillbirth associated with telemedicine use at either institution. Conclusions: Rapid adoption of obstetric telemedicine maintained adequate prenatal care provision during the early pandemic, but implementation varied across institutions.
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