Phone: (+39) 0813995453

The effectiveness of tele-transitions of care interventions in high-risk older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

HumanInsight The effectiveness of tele-transitions of care interventions in high-risk older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Int J Nurs Stud. 2022 Dec 15;139:104428. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2022.104428. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Chronically ill older patients are often vulnerable to detrimental health outcomes and have increased risk of preventable readmission. Tele-transitions of care interventions utilizing telecommunications and surveillance technologies help monitor patients' conditions after discharge to prevent negative health outcomes.

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to identify and synthesize available evidence on the effectiveness of tele-transitions of care interventions on various health outcomes in older adults at high risk for readmission discharged from acute setting.

METHODS: Published, unpublished studies and gray literatures were identified through searching PubMed, Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Scopus, ProQuest Dissertations and theses and Google Scholar from inception to December 2021. Only randomized controlled trials published in English language assessing tele-transitions of care interventions on high-risk older adults were included. Meta-analyses were performed using random-effects model in RevMan 5.4. Sensitivity and subgroup and narrative analyses were conducted.

RESULTS: Fourteen studies were included, of which thirteen were considered for meta-analyses. Tele-transitions of care interventions were effective in reducing readmission rate (RR = 0.59, 95%CI 0.50-0.69, z = 6.28, p < 0.00001), mortality rate (RR = 0.72, 95%CI 0.53-0.98, z = 2.12, p = 0.03), and improving health-related quality of life (SMD = 0.24, Z = 2.04, p = 0.04). However, reduction of emergency department visit (RR = 1.10, 95%CI 0.59-2.06, z = 0.31, p = 0.76) and improvement of functional status (SMD = -0.06, Z = 0.19, p = 0.85) was not observed following intervention. Subgroup analysis found that the positive effects of tele-transitions of care interventions persist up to 180 days even after the intervention.

CONCLUSION: This systematic review and meta-analysis concluded that tele-transitions of care interventions have promising effects on readmission, mortality rate and health-related quality of life. Tele-transitions of care interventions are cost-effective and suitable for large-scale implementation in healthcare settings.

REGISTRATION: The protocol was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42022295665).

TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Tele-transitions of care significantly improve health outcomes such as readmission rate, mortality rate and quality of life in older adults with high-risk of readmission.

PMID:36682322 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2022.104428

Powered by WPeMatico

P.IVA 08738511214
Privacy Policy
Cookie Policy

Sede Legale
Viale Campi Flegrei 55
80124 - Napoli

Sede Operativa
Via G.Porzio 4
Centro Direzionale G1
80143 - Napoli

AI 4394
© Copyright 2022 - Humaninsight Srls - All Rights Reserved
Privacy Policy | Cookie Policy
envelopephone-handsetmap-marker linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram