HumanInsight The effectiveness and usability of a novel mobile phone-based self-care intervention for patients with heart failure: A mixed-methods pilot study
Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2022 Aug 23:zvac077. doi: 10.1093/eurjcn/zvac077. Online ahead of print.
AIM: To evaluate the preliminary effectiveness and usability of a novel mobile phone-based self-care intervention (named WithUs) for patients with heart failure (HF).
METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a mixed-methods pilot study with group pretest-posttest design and usability testing. Participants were 26 Korean HF patients (20 men; median age 62 years) who took part in this study after hospital discharge. Data were collected at baseline and after the 24-week intervention, using questionnaires and interviews. The outcome variables were eHealth literacy, disease knowledge, and self-care behaviours. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare the pre- and post-intervention results. Thematic analysis was used for analysing qualitative data. The WithUs programme improved the eHealth literacy (p = .005), disease knowledge (p < .001), and self-care behaviours (p < .001) of patients with HF. The median score of total app usability was 4.1 out of 5 (interquartile range = 4.0-5.0). Four themes were identified which complemented the quantitative results. These were increased awareness of the importance of routine self-care behaviours, enhanced motivation toward self-care behaviours, challenges adapting to the new app, and suggestions for improving app adoption.
CONCLUSION: The app was effective in improving adherence to self-care behaviours, eHealth literacy, and disease knowledge in patients with HF. The usability evaluation results showed that the app is usable and has the potential to support HF patients in self-care. However, the app needs to be modified to improve its adoption.
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