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Telemedicine for the management of diabetic patients in a high-complexity Latin American hospital

HumanInsight Telemedicine for the management of diabetic patients in a high-complexity Latin American hospital

BMC Health Serv Res. 2023 Mar 30;23(1):314. doi: 10.1186/s12913-023-09267-0.


BACKGROUND: Noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes mellitus (DM) have gained attention worldwide. Latin America experienced a rise in rates of DM. During the COVID-19 pandemic, a telemedicine program was implemented in a quaternary care academic complex in Latin America to continue the follow-up of patients with diabetes.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the clinical experience of DM patient management through telemedicine and the HbA1c behavior of patients followed-up through this modality.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study including all patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes who were treated via telemedicine from March to December 2020. A Wilcoxon statistical test was used to compare the changes in glycosylated hemoglobin between the first teleconsultation and after 6 months of telemedicine follow-up.

RESULTS: A total of 663 patients were included, 17.65% (117) of whom had type 1 diabetes and 82.35% (546) of whom had type 2 diabetes. Patients with both types of diabetes, presented with stable HbA1c values regardless of the length of follow-up.

CONCLUSION: The use of telemedicine can be a helpful tool for both patients and health care providers to support the continuity of care to maintain acceptable control levels within glycemic control goals.

PMID:36997918 | DOI:10.1186/s12913-023-09267-0

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