HumanInsight Telehealth Satisfaction in Patients Receiving Virtual Atrial Fibrillation Care: Quantitative Exploratory Study
JMIR Hum Factors. 2023 Sep 14;10:e50232. doi: 10.2196/50232.
BACKGROUND: Telehealth can optimize access to specialty care for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Virtual AF care, however, may not fit with the complex needs of patients with AF.
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the correlation among attitudes toward health care technologies, self-efficacy, and telehealth satisfaction as part of the future planning of virtual AF clinic care.
METHODS: Patients with AF older than 18 years from an urban-based, highly specialized AF clinic who had an upcoming telehealth visit were invited to participate in a web-based survey. The survey asked about demographic characteristics; use of technology; general, computer, and health care technology self-efficacy (HTSE) and health care technology attitudes, using a validated 30-item tool; and telehealth satisfaction questionnaire using a validated 14-item questionnaire. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, correlational analyses, and linear regression modeling.
RESULTS: Participants (n=195 of 579 invited, for a 34% response rate) were primarily older, male, and White, had postsecondary schooling or more, and had high self-reported overall and mental health ratings. A variety of technologies were used in their daily lives and for health care, with the majority of technologies comprising desktop and laptop computers, smartphones, and tablets. Self-efficacy and telehealth satisfaction questionnaire scores were high overall, with male participants having higher general self-efficacy, computer self-efficacy, HTSE, and technology attitude scores. After controlling for age and sex, only HTSE was significantly related to individuals' attitudes toward health care technology. Both general self-efficacy and attitude toward health care technology were positively related to telehealth satisfaction.
CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with a previous study, only HTSE significantly influenced attitudes toward health care technology. This finding confirms that, in this regard, self-efficacy is not a general perception but is domain specific. Considering participants' predominant use of the telephone for virtual care, it follows that general self-efficacy and attitude toward health care technology were significant contributors to telehealth satisfaction. Given our patients' frequent use of technology and high computer self-efficacy and HTSE scores, the use of video for telehealth appointments could be supported.
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