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Same-Day Patient Consultation and Cochlear Implantation: Patient Experiences and Barriers to Implementation

HumanInsight Same-Day Patient Consultation and Cochlear Implantation: Patient Experiences and Barriers to Implementation

Otol Neurotol. 2022 Jul 14. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000003627. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of same-day cochlear implant (SDCI) evaluation and surgery in improving patient experience.

PATIENTS: Adult CI candidates participated in this study.

INTERVENTIONS: Education materials and communication with providers were offered via telephone, e-mail, and/or telemedicine. Patients then arrived for in-person consultation, imaging studies, and outpatient CI surgery in one visit and received a 3-month postoperative survey.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Preoperative hearing, referral-to-surgery time, travel burden, and patient satisfaction were included as outcome measures.

RESULTS: Of 35 patients who qualified, 14 were successfully contacted regarding the same-day program: 9 underwent CI, 1 enrolled but did not ultimately meet candidacy criteria, and 4 declined because of coronavirus and/or active medical conditions and did not pursue a CI. For the nine patients who underwent SDCI, mean age was 78 years, and mean preoperative consonant-nucleus-consonant score was 16% in the implanted ear. Mean referral-to-surgery time was 103 days and, after accounting for cancellations because of coronavirus, was 52 days. Mean travel distance to institution was 234 miles. Of the seven patients who completed the follow-up survey, none felt rushed for surgery, and mean program experience was rated 8.6 out of 10. Net promoter score was positive (+72), supporting high experience favorability among patients. Barriers to program expansion included patient recruitment and education, surgery scheduling, and the coronavirus pandemic.

CONCLUSIONS: No patients declined the SDCI program to pursue traditional CI evaluation, and all patients were satisfied with their experience. The SDCI program is a feasible and successful model that overcomes barriers to implantation, including travel burden, and improves access to care.

PMID:35833872 | DOI:10.1097/MAO.0000000000003627

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