HumanInsight Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3 (RAPID3) in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis Treated with Long-Term Upadacitinib Therapy in Five Randomized Controlled Trials
Rheumatol Ther. 2022 Sep 20. doi: 10.1007/s40744-022-00483-4. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: The Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3 (RAPID3) is a patient-reported outcome tool recommended for the assessment of disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical practice. This analysis evaluated the long-term effect of upadacitinib vs. comparators on RAPID3 scores in patients with RA in the phase 3 SELECT clinical trial program.
METHODS: This post hoc analysis included data from five randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in patients receiving upadacitinib 15 mg or 30 mg once daily (QD) as monotherapy or in combination with conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs). The proportions of patients reporting RAPID3 remission (scores ≤ 3) were assessed at week 60. Correlations between absolute scores for RAPID3 and Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI), Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI), and 28-joint Disease Activity Score with C-reactive protein (DAS28[CRP]) at week 60 were assessed using Spearman correlation coefficients.
RESULTS: A total of 3117 patients were included from the SELECT-NEXT, -BEYOND, -MONOTHERAPY, -COMPARE, and -EARLY trials. By week 60, 32-52% of methotrexate-naïve and csDMARD inadequate responder (IR) patients treated with either upadacitinib 15 mg QD or upadacitinib 30 mg QD reported RAPID3 scores consistent with remission. The proportions were slightly lower in the biologic DMARD-IR SELECT-BEYOND population (19-28%). RAPID3 scores highly correlated (Spearman correlation values ≥ 0.58) with CDAI, SDAI, and DAS28(CRP) scores through week 60 (all p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Upadacitinib, as monotherapy or in combination with csDMARDs, was associated with patient-reported remission assessed by RAPID3 over 60 weeks across the SELECT RCTs in patients with RA.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: SELECT-BEYOND (NCT02706847); SELECT-NEXT (NCT02675426); SELECT-MONOTHERAPY (NCT02706951); SELECT-EARLY (NCT02706873); SELECT-COMPARE (NCT02629159).
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