HumanInsight Role of Digital Media in Promoting Oral Health: A Systematic Review
Cureus. 2022 Sep 7;14(9):e28893. doi: 10.7759/cureus.28893. eCollection 2022 Sep.
Oral disease has affected almost half of the world's population, causing an enormous economic burden. To overcome this huge problem, oral health promotion is one of the most cost-effective methods. Digital media can play a pivotal role in achieving the goal of reducing this burden by providing a wider platform to reach out to the population even in the areas of deficit oral health care service. The aim of this systematic review is to assess the effectiveness of digital media in oral health promotion. The combinations of terms in the following two broad categories were used to search the literature on PubMed, Cochrane Library articles, WHO guidelines on oral health promotion through digital media, and Google Scholar: Intervention (digital media, Mobile phones, Text messages, social media, Cell phones, MHealth application, Telemedicine, Television, Videos) and Outcome (Oral Health education, Oral health, Oral health promotion, Oral health literacy, Oral health knowledge, Oral health attitude, Oral health practice, Oral hygiene improvement). The review was conducted in two phases, using the standardized checklist applicable to studies. Initially, abstracts were retrieved, followed by the assessment of the full papers against the review criteria. Among the selected studies, digital interventions helped in providing continuity of care and services in seven studies, eight addressed the increase in knowledge, attitude, and practice, and all the studies analyzed oral health needs. The findings concluded that digital media-based interventions can enhance oral health literacy and help in tackling this problem among different age groups.
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