HumanInsight Peritoneal dialysis training performed remotely: results and comparison with Home Training
Clin Exp Nephrol. 2022 Sep 21. doi: 10.1007/s10157-022-02276-z. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: Traditional training (Home Training) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) is based on the physical presence of nurse and patient/caregiver. These "space-time" constraints can influence the training's duration, methodology and results. A remote caregiving system (Videodialysis) in our Center has proved to be effective and safe in remotely guiding patients/caregivers with cognitive/psychological barriers to self-care-PD. Since 08/01/2016, to overcome the limitations of Home Training, Videodialysis has also been used to carry out remote patients/caregivers training (Video Training). Retrospective comparison between Video Training (08/01/2016-05/31/2020) and Home Training (01/01/2014-07/31/2016).
METHODS: Following initial home-visit Video Training is performed via telemedicine from the Center, whereas Home Training is carried out at the patient's home. Only first trainings for all incident PD patients/caregivers were considered. The following patients were excluded: 9 in nursing homes, 13 kept on Videodialysis due to barriers to self-care, 6 uncompleted procedures, 4 other. Total duration, home visits, exchanges/procedures, peritonitis, technique survival were compared between Home Training and Video Training.
RESULTS: 46 trainings were considered (median; IQR): 21 Home Training (CAPD/APD: 11/10) in 17 patients (74.3 years (58.8-78.0; assisted PD: 64.7%) and 25 Video Training (CAPD/APD: 8/17) in 21 patients (65.9 years (56.9-76.4) N.S.; assisted PD: 52.4%). Duration (days): Home Training: CAPD 4.0 (4.0-5.5); APD 8.0 (5.3-10.5); Video Training: CAPD 4.5 (3.8-5.0) (N.S.); APD 8.0 (6.0-13.0) (N.S.). Home-visit (number): Home Training: CAPD 9.0 (7.0-10.0); APD 11.0 (7.8-15.5); Video Training: CAPD 2.0 (2.0-3.5) (p < 0.001); APD 5.0 (4.0-6.0) (p < 0.001). Peritonitis (episodes): Home Training: 5 (Follow-up: 471 pts/months); Video Training: 0 (Follow-up 280 pts/months). 2-Year technique survival. Home Training: 56.3%; Video Training: 76.9% (N.S.).
CONCLUSIONS: Video Training is as effective as Home Training, while significantly reducing the number of home visits.
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