HumanInsight Patient and Healthcare Professional Insights of Home- and Remote-Based Clinical Assessment: A Qualitative Study from Spain and Brazil to Determine Implications for Clinical Trials and Current Practice
Adv Ther. 2023 Feb 16. doi: 10.1007/s12325-023-02441-0. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: The SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic has accelerated the growing trend towards using home- and remote-based medical testing (H/RMT). The aim of this study was to gather insights and explore the opinions of patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs) in Spain and Brazil regarding H/RMT and the impact of decentralised clinical trials.
METHODS: This qualitative study consisted of in-depth open question interviews of HCPs and patients/caregivers followed by a workshop that aimed to determine the advantages and barriers to H/RMT in general, and in the context of clinical trials.
RESULTS: There were 47 participants in the interviews (37 patients, 2 caregivers, 8 HCPs) and 32 in the validation workshops (13 patients, 7 caregivers, 12 HCPs). The main advantages for the use of H/RMT in current practice were the comfort and convenience, the ability to improve the relationship between HCPs and patients and personalise patient care, and the increased patient awareness towards their disease. Barriers to H/RMT included accessibility, digitalisation, and the training requirements for both HCPs and patients. Furthermore, according to the Brazilian participants, there is a general distrust in the logistical management of H/RMT. Patients indicated that the convenience of H/RMT did not influence their decision to participate in a clinical trial, with the main reason for participating in a clinical trial being to improve health; however, H/RMT in clinical research does aid adherence to the long-term follow-up associated with trials and provides access to patients living far from the clinical sites.
CONCLUSION: Insights from patients and HCPs suggest that the advantages of H/RMT may outweigh the barriers, and that social, cultural and geographical factors and the HCP-patient relationship are critical aspects to be considered. Moreover, the convenience of H/RMT does not appear to be a driver for participating in a clinical trial but can facilitate patient diversity and study adherence.
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