HumanInsight OnkoRiskNET: a multicenter, interdisciplinary, telemedicine-based model to improve care for patients with a genetic tumor risk syndrome
BMC Health Serv Res. 2022 Jun 21;22(1):805. doi: 10.1186/s12913-022-08172-2.
BACKGROUND: Genetic tumor risk syndromes are responsible for at least five to ten percent of the 4 million cases of cancer diagnosed in Europe every year. Currently, the care of oncological patients suffers from a lack of specialists in medical genetics and also a lack of access to genetic care in rural areas and structured care pathways between oncologists and medical geneticists. As a result, genetic tumor risk syndromes are underdiagnosed with potentially fatal consequences for patients and their families.
METHODS: The OnkoRiskNET study is supported by a grant from the Federal Joint Committee of the Federal Republic of Germany. The study will include 2,000 oncological index patients from oncology practices in Lower Saxony and Saxony after the start of the study in July 2021. Randomization is carried out by means of a stepped wedge design at the level of the practices. Patients either go through routine care or the new form of care with structured cooperation between medical geneticists and oncologists, case management and the use of telemedical genetic counseling. Using a mixed-methods approach, the following parameters will be evaluated in the control and intervention group: (1) Conducted genetic counseling sessions by patients with suspected tumor risk syndrome and their first degree relatives; (2) Patient satisfaction and psychological distress after genetic counseling and testing; (3) Factors influencing the acceptance and experience of telemedical genetic counseling; (4) Satisfaction of oncologists and medical genetics with the structured pathway; (5) Cost efficiency of the new form of care.
DISCUSSION: OnkoRiskNET aims to close the gap in care through the formation of a cooperation network between practicing oncologists and specialists in medical genetics and the use of telemedical genetic counseling, thereby, increasing the diagnostic rate in genetic tumor risk syndromes and serving as a model for future genetic care in Germany.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: Trial was registered on 01.12.2021 in the German Clinical Trial Register ( https://trialsearch.who.int/ ) with the DRKS-ID: DRKS00026679 .
TITLE: Cooperation network for the provision of local care for patients and families with a genetic tumour risk syndrome. Trial acronym: OnkoRiskNET. Protocol version 1.1.
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