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New insights on the catalytic center of proteins from peptidylprolyl isomerase group based on the FOD-M model

HumanInsight New insights on the catalytic center of proteins from peptidylprolyl isomerase group based on the FOD-M model

J Cell Biochem. 2023 May 4. doi: 10.1002/jcb.30407. Online ahead of print.


Generating the structure of the hydrophobic core is based on the orientation of hydrophobic residues towards the central part of the protein molecule with the simultaneous exposure of polar residues. Such a course of the protein folding process takes place with the active participation of the polar water environment. While the self-assembly process leading to the formation of micelles concerns freely moving bi-polar molecules, bipolar amino acids in polypeptide chain have limited mobility due to the covalent bonds. Therefore, proteins form a more or less perfect micelle-like structure. The criterion is the hydrophobicity distribution, which to a greater or lesser extent reproduces the distribution expressed by the 3D Gaussian function on the protein body. The vast majority of proteins must ensure solubility, so a certain part of it-as it is expected-should reproduce the structuring of micelles. The biological activity of proteins is encoded in the part that does not reproduce the micelle-like system. The location and quantitative assessment of the contribution of orderliness to disorder is of critical importance for the determination of biological activity. The form of maladjustment to the 3D Gauss function may be varied-hence the obtained high diversity of specific interactions with strictly defined molecules: ligands or substrates. The correctness of this interpretation was verified on the basis of the group of enzymes Peptidylprolyl isomerase-E.C. In proteins representing this class of enzymes, zones responsible for solubility-micelle-like hydrophobicity system-the location and specificity of the incompatible part in which the specific activity of the enzyme is located and coded were identified. The present study showed that the enzymes of the discussed group show two different schemes of the structure of catalytic center (taking into account the status as defined by the fuzzy oil drop model).

PMID:37139783 | DOI:10.1002/jcb.30407

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