HumanInsight Multidisciplinary care of patients with narcolepsy during COVID-19 pandemic in Italy via televisit: the TElemedicine for NARcolepsy (TENAR) feasibility study
Sleep. 2022 Sep 25:zsac228. doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsac228. Online ahead of print.
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Narcolepsy is a rare chronic central disorder of hypersomnolence with frequent endocrine-metabolic comorbidities. To address the complex care needs of patients during the COVID-19 emergency, we carried out a feasibility study of the TElemedicine for NARcolepsy (TENAR) protocol with the aim of assessing the feasibility of a multidisciplinary care approach via televisit for patients with narcolepsy.
METHODS: A feasibility single open arm study on the multidisciplinary care of children (>7 y.o.) and adults with narcolepsy who required a follow-up visit was realized during the COVID-19 pandemic emergency period in Italy. The study included a sleep, metabolic, and psychosocial assessment via televisit at baseline, at 6, and at 12 months from the study inclusion period (15 th May - 26 th June 2020).
RESULTS: Thirty-nine out of 44 eligible patients (89%) entered the study (30 adults, nine children); 37 patients (95%) ended the 12-month follow-up. At baseline, the median Epworth sleepiness scale score (ESS) was 10 (IQR 8-14), and the median body mass index (BMI) was 25.6 (IQR 22.1-30.9). During the follow-up period, the ESS score decreased from the 6th month onward (p=0.003), and BMI decreased at the 1-year follow-up (p=0.047), while there were no differences in depressive and anxiety symptoms, quality of life, compliance with treatment, adverse drug reactions, or accidents.
CONCLUSION: High response and retention rates, stability of ESS and lack of side effects indicate that telemedicine is a feasible and safe approach for adults and children with narcolepsy.
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