HumanInsight Maternal and perinatal outcomes in mixed antenatal care modality implementing telemedicine in the southwestern region of Colombia during the COVID-19 pandemic
BMC Health Serv Res. 2023 Mar 16;23(1):259. doi: 10.1186/s12913-023-09255-4.
INTRODUCTION: Contingency measures due to the COVID-19 pandemic limited access to routine prenatal care for pregnant women, increasing the risk of pregnancy complications due to poor prenatal follow-up, especially in those patients at high obstetric risk. This prompted the implementation and adaptation of telemedicine.
OBJECTIVE: We aim to evaluate the maternal and perinatal outcomes of patients who received prenatal care in-person and by telemedicine.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational cohort study of pregnant women who received exclusive in-person and alternate (telemedicine and in-person) care from March to December 20,202, determining each group's maternal and neonatal outcomes.
RESULTS: A total of 1078 patients were included, 156 in the mixed group and 922 in the in-person group. The patients in the mixed group had a higher number of prenatal controls (8 (6-9) vs 6 (4-8) p < 0.001), with an earlier gestational age at onset (7.1 (6-8.5) vs 9.3 (6.6-20.3), p < 0.001), however, they required a longer hospital stay (26 (16,67%) vs 86 (9,33%), p = 0.002) compared to those attended in-person; there were no significant differences in the development of obstetric emergencies, maternal death or neonatal complications.
DISCUSSION: Incorporating telemedicine mixed with in-person care could be considered as an alternative for antenatal follow-up of pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries with barriers to timely and quality health care access.
PMID:36922841 | DOI:10.1186/s12913-023-09255-4
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