HumanInsight Implementation and Evaluation of a Wraparound Virtual Care Program for Children with Medical Complexity
Telemed J E Health. 2022 Nov 10. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2022.0344. Online ahead of print.
Objectives: Children and adolescents with medical complexity benefit from care coordination and specialized pediatric care, but many access barriers exist. We implemented a virtual wraparound model to support patients with medical complexity and their families and used an economic framework to measure outcomes. Methods: Children with medical complexity were identified and enrolled in a virtual complex care program with a dedicated multidisciplinary team, which provided care coordination, education, parental support, acute care triage, and virtual visits. A retrospective pre- and postanalysis of data obtained from the Hospital Industry Data Institute (HIDI) database measured inpatient, outpatient, and emergency department (ED) utilization and charges before implementation and during the 2-year program. Results: Eighty (n = 80) children were included in the economic evaluation, and 75 had sufficient data for analysis. Compared to the 12 months before enrollment, patients had a 35.3% reduction in hospitalizations (p = 0.0268), a 43.9% reduction in emergency visits (p = 0.0005), and a 16.9% reduction in overall charges (p = 0.1449). Parents expressed a high degree of satisfaction, with a 70% response rate and 90% satisfaction rate. Conclusions: We implemented a virtual care model to provide in-home support and care coordination for medically complex children and adolescents and used an economic framework to assess changes in utilization and cost. The program had high engagement rates and parent satisfaction, and a pre/postanalysis demonstrated statistically significant reduction in hospitalizations and ED visits for this high-cost population. Further economic evaluation is needed to determine sustainability of this model in a value-based payment system.
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