HumanInsight Impact of new technologies on neurology in Spain. Review by the New Technologies Ad-Hoc Committee of the Spanish Society of Neurology
Neurologia (Engl Ed). 2022 Jul 13:S2173-5808(22)00073-6. doi: 10.1016/j.nrleng.2020.10.011. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: New technologies are increasingly widespread in biomedicine. Using the consensus definition of new technologies established by the New Technologies Ad-Hoc Committee of the Spanish Society of Neurology (SEN), we evaluated the impact of these technologies on Spanish neurology, based on communications presented at Annual Meetings of the SEN.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We defined the concept of new technology in neurology as a novel technology or novel application of an existing technology, characterised by a certain degree of coherence persisting over time, with the potential to have an impact on the present and/or future of neurology. We conducted a descriptive study of scientific communications presented at the SEN's annual meetings from 2012 to 2018, analysing the type of technology, the field of neurology, and the geographical provenance of the studies.
RESULTS: We identified 299 communications related with new technologies from a total of 8139 (3.7%), including 120 posters and 179 oral communications, ranging from 1.6% of all communications in 2012 to 6.8% in 2018. The technologies most commonly addressed were advanced neuroimaging (24.7%), biosensors (17.1%), electrophysiology and neurostimulation (14.7%), and telemedicine (13.7%). The neurological fields where new technologies were most widely employed were movement disorders (18.4%), cerebrovascular diseases (15.7%), and dementia (13.4%). Madrid was the region presenting the highest number of communications related to new technologies (32.8%), followed by Catalonia (26.8%) and Andalusia (9.0%).
CONCLUSIONS: The number of communications addressing new technologies follows an upward trend. The number of technologies used in neurology has increased in parallel with their availability. We found scientific communications in all neurological subspecialties, with a heterogeneous geographical distribution.
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