HumanInsight Evaluating Health Care Provider Perspectives on the Use of Mobile Apps to Support Patients With Heart Failure Management: Qualitative Descriptive Study
JMIR Cardio. 2022 Oct 26;6(2):e40546. doi: 10.2196/40546.
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to diet and medical therapies in heart failure (HF) contributes to poor HF outcomes. Mobile apps may be a promising way to improve adherence because they increase knowledge and behavior change via education and monitoring. Well-designed apps with input from health care providers (HCPs) can lead to successful adoption of such apps in practice. However, little is known about HCPs' perspectives on the use of mobile apps to support HF management.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine HCPs' perspectives (needs, motivations, and challenges) on the use of mobile apps to support patients with HF management.
METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study using one-on-one semistructured interviews, informed by the diffusion of innovation theory, was conducted among HF HCPs, including cardiologists, nurses, and nurse practitioners. Transcripts were independently coded by 2 researchers and analyzed using content analysis.
RESULTS: The 21 HCPs (cardiologists: n=8, 38%; nurses: n=6, 29%; and nurse practitioners: n=7, 33%) identified challenges and opportunities for app adoption across 5 themes: participant-perceived factors that affect app adoption-these include patient age, technology savviness, technology access, and ease of use; improved delivery of care-apps can support remote care; collect, share, and assess health information; identify adverse events; prevent hospitalizations; and limit clinic visits; facilitating patient engagement in care-apps can provide feedback and reinforcement, facilitate connection and communication between patients and their HCPs, support monitoring, and track self-care; providing patient support through education-apps can provide HF-related information (ie, diet and medications); and participant views on app features for their patients-HCPs felt that useful apps would have reminders and alarms and participative elements (gamification, food scanner, and quizzes).
CONCLUSIONS: HCPs had positive views on the use of mobile apps to support patients with HF management. These findings can inform effective development and implementation strategies of HF management apps in clinical practice.
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