HumanInsight Elevated 8-isoprostane concentration is associated with thromboembolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation
Int J Cardiol. 2022 Jul 19:S0167-5273(22)01103-2. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2022.07.034. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Enhanced oxidative stress occurs in atrial fibrillation (AF), however its impact on the efficacy and safety of anticoagulation is unknown. We sought to evaluate whether 8-isoprostaglandin F2 (8-isoprostane) levels are associated with clinical outcomes in anticoagulated AF patients.
METHODS: In a study involving 243 AF patients (median age 69 years), we measured serum 8-isoprostane, along with prothrombotic markers, including plasma fibrin clot permeability, clot lysis time (CLT), endogenous thrombin potential (ETP), von Willebrand factor (VWF), and fibrinolytic proteins. Ischemic cerebrovascular events, major bleeding, and death were recorded during a median follow-up of 53 months while on anticoagulation, largely on non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs).
RESULTS: Increased 8-isoprostane levels were observed in women, in patients with arterial hypertension, and those with paroxysmal or persistent AF. Patients with 8-isoprostane levels ≥559 pg/mL (the top quartile) compared with those with 8-isoprostane <250 pg/mL (the bottom quartile) had higher fibrinogen, lower VWF, higher plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, along with lower fibrin clot permeability with no difference in CHA2DS2-VASc score, CLT or ETP. Patients who experienced thromboembolic events (n = 20, 1.9%/year) had 48.6% higher 8-isoprostane concentrations compared to the remainder (P < 0.01). Levels of 8-isoprostane >459 pg/mL based on the optimal cut-off value were associated with thromboembolic events during follow-up (hazard ratio 2.87, 95% confidence interval 1.17-7.03, P = 0.02). There were no associations between 8-isoprostane and major bleeding (2.0%/year) or all-cause mortality (1.9%/year).
CONCLUSIONS: Increased 8-isoprostane levels partly through altered fibrin clot structure are associated with thromboembolic events despite anticoagulant therapy in AF patients.
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