HumanInsight Delivery models of neuropalliative care
Handb Clin Neurol. 2022;190:61-71. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-323-85029-2.00007-5.
Drawing its beginnings from end-of-life care, palliative care has developed into a specialized interdisciplinary effort aiming to alleviate distress in all its form, and spanning the whole serious illness trajectory. With this evolution came the inevitable expansion to different sites and modes of care delivery. This section discusses the various models of bringing palliative care to patients with neurologic illness. It begins by distinguishing primary from specialist palliative care, then examines various models of inpatient and outpatient care. Hospital-based models include consultation service and dedicated inpatient units, while outpatient care mainly consists of palliative care specialists embedded in disease-specific clinics. Home-based palliative care and services provided through telemedicine are discussed. Hospice, a model of care often associated with end-of-life palliative care is detailed, together with suggestions on when to consider transitioning to hospice care. It is worth noting that there is not a single best model of palliative care delivery for persons living with neurologic illness. The models discussed in this chapter are complementary not competing and should be adopted by clinicians to fit the needs of patients and caregivers, the resources available in the healthcare system, and based on where patients are in the spectrum of their illness.
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