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Bridging gaps in cancer cachexia Care: Current insights and future perspectives

HumanInsight Bridging gaps in cancer cachexia Care: Current insights and future perspectives

Cancer Treat Rev. 2024 Mar 13;125:102717. doi: 10.1016/j.ctrv.2024.102717. Online ahead of print.


Cachexia is characterized by severe weight loss and skeletal muscle depletion, and is a threat to cancer patients by worsening their prognosis. International guidelines set indications for the screening and diagnosis of cancer cachexia and suggest interventions (nutritional support, physical exercise, and pharmacological treatments). Nevertheless, real-life experience not always aligns with such indications. We aimed to review the current state of the field and the main advancements, with a focus on real-life clinical practice from the perspectives of oncologists, nutrition professionals, and radiologists. Pragmatic solutions are proposed to improve the current management of the disease, emphasizing the importance of increasing awareness of clinical nutrition's benefits, fostering multidisciplinary collaboration, promoting early identification of at-risk patients, and leveraging available resources. Given the distinct needs of patients who are receiving oncologic anti-cancer treatments and those in the follow-up phase, the use of tailored approaches is encouraged. The pivotal role of healthcare professionals in managing patients in active treatment is highlighted, while patient and caregiver empowerment should be strengthened in the follow-up phase. Telemedicine and web-based applications represent valuable tools for continuous monitoring of patients, facilitating timely and personalized intervention through effective communication between patients and healthcare providers. These actions can potentially improve the outcomes, well-being, and survival of cancer patients with cachexia.

PMID:38518714 | DOI:10.1016/j.ctrv.2024.102717

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