HumanInsight A new soft tissue deformation model based on Runge-Kutta: Application in lung
Comput Biol Med. 2022 Jul 8;148:105811. doi: 10.1016/j.compbiomed.2022.105811. Online ahead of print.
Flexible body deformation model is the most critical research in the field of telemedicine, which decides whether the deformation process of tissues and organs can be simulated in real time and realistically. Basically, the improvement of model accuracy often means the loss of real-time performance. In order to effectively balance between accuracy and real-time performance, this paper proposes a new model, which uses the step-variable fourth-order Runge-Kutta method for the first time to solve the relationship problem between the external force and displacement of the nodes in the finite element deformation of the lung. To improve the real-time performance of the model, a one-stage solution optimization algorithm is proposed to optimize the step size selection problem. Finally, an accelerated two-level node update algorithm is proposed to further improve the real-time performance. A lung surgery simulation platform with 3DMax2020 and OpenGL4.5 is built to verify the accuracy, efficiency, realism and applicability of the model. Experimental results show that the proposed lung model can achieve real-world visual reproduction during remote surgery, and exceeds other 13 reference models in real-time performance, with natural deformation effect, high simulation accuracy, which is suitable for modeling normal lung and four types of lungs suffering from diseases.
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