HumanInsight A Comparison of Family Medicine Resident Documentation Following Implementation of an Asynchronous vs Synchronous Telemedicine Curriculum
PRiMER. 2022 Nov 15;6:111327. doi: 10.22454/PRiMER.2022.111327. eCollection 2022.
INTRODUCTION: Prior to the start of the 2020 COVID pandemic, the use of telemedicine among family physicians was limited; telemedicine curriculum in undergraduate and graduate medical education (GME) was even more scarce. In response to the need for training, we developed synchronous and asynchronous versions of a telemedicine curriculum focused on documentation, communication, and virtual physical exam. As the evaluation of the curriculum, this study compares the documentation behaviors of the clinicians participating in the curriculum.
METHODS: We compared the documentation practice of asynchronous learners to those participating in synchronous learning over 1 month. We reviewed each clinical note for five practice behaviors: (1) consent for delivery of care via telemedicine, (2) time on the phone, (3) physical examination, (4) procedure code, and (5) billing code.
RESULTS: We reviewed notes from 11 interns (synchronous) and 22 senior residents (asynchronous). Notes written by an intern were significantly more likely to include documentation of consent and a focused exam. Notes written by senior resident were significantly more likely to include documentation of length of the encounter. We detected no significant differences for documenting the billing or procedure code.
CONCLUSION: Our analysis determined that correct documentation behaviors can be taught through asynchronous mediums. Components requiring effective communication (consent for care and a virtual physical exam) are more effectively taught when there is deliberate practice and immediate feedback on the skills.
PMID:36632496 | PMC:PMC9829010 | DOI:10.22454/PRiMER.2022.111327
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