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Wideband tympanometry and absorbance measurements in otosclerotic ears.

Wideband tympanometry and absorbance measurements in otosclerotic ears.

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Wideband tympanometry and absorbance measurements in otosclerotic ears.

Laryngoscope. 2018 Dec 27;:

Authors: Niemczyk E, Lachowska M, Tataj E, Kurczak K, Niemczyk K

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess absorbance using a thorough analysis of individual points of its plot in ears with intraoperatively confirmed otosclerosis. To the best of our knowledge, until recently no analyses have been performed that concerned the shape of an absorbance plot and a detailed analysis of its individual points. This study is the first to undertake such an issue.
METHODS: A total of 77 otosclerotic ears were included in the study. Pure tone audiometry, low frequency tympanometry, and wide band tympanometry including absorbance were performed preoperatively. The average patients' age in the group was 43.49 years (standard deviation = 10.44). Individual points of absorbance plot were thoroughly analyzed. Parameters were analyzed, such as resonance frequency; number of peaks; maximum absorbance (Height); and plot Width at the following Heights: 1/3, 1/2, and 2/3 (Width1/3, Width1/2, Width2/3, respectively), as well as associated absorbance parameters and frequencies.
RESULTS: Data analysis revealed five different types of absorbance plots. Numerous statistically significant differences regarding the parameters of individual points of the plots were found among the distinguished types.
CONCLUSIONS: There are five types of absorbance plots in otosclerotic ears: type I, characterized by two distinct peaks, closely resembling normal ear absorbance plot; type II with a single distinct peak reaching high values of absorbance; type III with reduced absorbance for frequencies <2000 Hz; type IV with reduced absorbance for all frequencies; and type V with reduced absorbance for frequencies >2000 Hz. Absorbance measurements may play an important role in the diagnostics of otosclerosis; however, further research is necessary in this area.
LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: 4. Laryngoscope, 2018.

PMID: 30592049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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