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Usefulness of telemedicine for home ventilator-dependent children.

Usefulness of telemedicine for home ventilator-dependent children.

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Usefulness of telemedicine for home ventilator-dependent children.

J Telemed Telecare. 2018 Dec 11;:1357633X18811751

Authors: Muñoz-Bonet JI, López-Prats JL, Flor-Macián EM, Cantavella T, Bonet L, Domínguez A, Brines J

Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Medical care for ventilator-dependent children must avoid hospital confinement, which is detrimental to the patient, their family and Paediatric Intensive Care Unit. Our objective was to assess the role of telemedicine in facilitating early and permanent discharge of such patients to home care.
METHODS: This was a prospective clinical study (2007-2017) in tracheotomised ventilator-dependent children. We used a Big Data Telemedicine home system (Medlinecare 2.1) from the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit. Specialised home-nursing services were available. Clinical events were analysed using the Chi-square test (significance p < 0.05). Families subsequently completed a satisfaction survey. The Paediatric Intensive Care Unit management indicators were analysed.
RESULTS: All of our ventilator-dependent children were included ( n=12). At time of discharge from the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, they all required continuous mechanical ventilation and met the criteria of groups I-III of the OTA classification. In the first two years there were 141 events; the main cause was respiratory (69.5%, p < 0.001) and telemedicine was the main care approach (86.5%, p < 0.001). Eleven events required hospitalisation (7.8%) but 38 (27.0%) hospitalisations were avoided. The emergency readmission time accounted for 0.99% of the total time. Six patients were decannulated, and one patient died due to primary cardiac arrest. All the families considered that the telemedicine had helped to avoid hospital visits, was not an intrusion into their privacy, and improved the child's safety and quality of life. An improvement in Paediatric Intensive Care Unit indicators was achieved.
DISCUSSION: Telemedicine facilitated early and permanent discharge of our ventilator-dependent children to home care without affecting their quality of care.

PMID: 30537895 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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