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Understanding hispanic patient satisfaction with telehealth during COVID-19

HumanInsight Understanding hispanic patient satisfaction with telehealth during COVID-19

J Pediatr Surg. 2022 Dec 22:S0022-3468(22)00779-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2022.12.006. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Recent studies have described the use of telehealth for pediatric surgical care during the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed to evaluate equity in telehealth use by comparing rates of utilization and satisfaction with pediatric surgical telemedicine among Hispanic patients.

METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients seen by a surgical subspecialty provider in the outpatient setting at a quaternary pediatric hospital between April 1 and June 30, 2020. Patients evaluated in the same three-month period in 2019 were analyzed as a historic control. Differences in Family Experience Survey (FES) responses based on race and ethnicity and preferred language of care were assessed using univariable and multivariable generalized linear modeling.

RESULTS: The pandemic cohort included fewer patients of Hispanic ethnicity and fewer Spanish-speakers. After controlling for visit type, comparison of Spanish-speaking and English-speaking patients revealed that Spanish-speaking families had significantly lower scores for FES items that evaluated healthcare provider explaining (IRR 0.74, 95% CI: 0.61-0.90), listening (IRR 0.76, 95% CI: 0.63-0.92), and time spent with the family (IRR 0.73, 95% CI: 0.60-0.89). There were no differences in FES responses based on insurance status or degree of medical complexity.

CONCLUSIONS: Telehealth services were less commonly used among Hispanic and Spanish-speaking patients. Language may differentially affect family satisfaction with healthcare and telehealth solutions. Strategies to mitigate these inequities are needed and may include strengthening interpreter services and providing language-concordant care.


PMID:36635160 | DOI:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2022.12.006

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