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The management of pelvic ring fractures in low-resource environments: review

HumanInsight The management of pelvic ring fractures in low-resource environments: review

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2022 Nov 4. doi: 10.1007/s00590-022-03420-x. Online ahead of print.


Although improvement of pelvic trauma care has been successful in decreasing mortality rates in major trauma centers, such changes have not been implemented in low-resource environments such as low-middle-income countries (LMICs). This review details the evaluation and management of pelvic ring fractures and recommends improvements for trauma care in low-resource environments. Prehospital management revolves around basic life support techniques. Application of non-invasive pelvic circumferential compression devices, such as bed sheet or pelvic binders, can be performed as early as the scene of the accident. Upon arrival at the emergency department, rapid clinical evaluation and immediate resuscitation should be performed. Preperitoneal pelvic packing and external fixation devices have been considered as important first-line management tools to achieve bleeding control in hemodynamically unstable patients. After patient stabilization, immediate referral is mandated if the hospital does not have an orthopedic surgeon or facilities to perform complex pelvic/acetabular surgery. Telemedicine platforms have emerged as one of the key solutions for informing decision-making. However, unavailable referral systems and inaccessible transportation systems act as significant barriers in LMICs. Tendencies toward more "old-fashioned" protocols and conservative treatments are often justified especially for minimally displaced fractures. But when surgery is needed, it is important to visualize the fracture site to obtain and maintain a good reduction in the absence of intraoperative imaging. Minimizing soft tissue damage, reducing intraoperative blood loss, and minimizing duration of surgical interventions are vital when performing pelvic surgery in a limited intensive care setting.

PMID:36333484 | DOI:10.1007/s00590-022-03420-x

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