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The Impact of a Phone Assistance Nursing Program on Adherence to Home Exercises and Final Outcomes in Patients Who Underwent Shoulder Instability Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Study.

The Impact of a Phone Assistance Nursing Program on Adherence to Home Exercises and Final Outcomes in Patients Who Underwent Shoulder Instability Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Study.

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The Impact of a Phone Assistance Nursing Program on Adherence to Home Exercises and Final Outcomes in Patients Who Underwent Shoulder Instability Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Study.

Orthop Nurs. 2018 Nov/Dec;37(6):372-378

Authors: Martinez-Rico S, Lizaur-Utrilla A, Sebastia-Forcada E, Vizcaya-Moreno MF, de Juan-Herrero J

Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a phone assistance nursing program as an adjunct to conventional physiotherapy to increase adherence to a home exercise program on functional outcomes of patients who underwent shoulder instability surgery.
METHODS: A randomized controlled study of 70 patients allocated to a phone assistance program (study group, n = 36 patients) or conventional postoperative management (control group, n = 34 patients) was conducted. All patients in both groups received conventional rehabilitation at the outpatient clinic after surgery. In addition, patients in the study group received phone calls from a nurse (who had access to a physiotherapist) 3 days per week. During the calls these patients received a coaching session about self-care and support with the home exercise program. Evaluations were performed during a follow-up of 12 months for range of motion (ROM), pain (visual analog scale [VAS] score), Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score, Oxford Shoulder Instability Score (OSIS), and Rowe score.
RESULTS: All scores significantly improved from preoperative to the final follow-up in both groups (p = .001). At the final follow-up, there were no significant differences between groups in VAS, DASH, or Rowe scores. However, those in the study group had significantly better OSIS (p = .013) and ROM (p = .001), particularly for anterior forward motion (p = .001). Likewise, the study group achieved full motion and function significantly faster than the control group (p = .002). The amount of rehabilitation sessions at the outpatient clinic was 1.7 times higher in the control group (p = .004) than in the study group.
CONCLUSION: The phone assistance nursing program was an effective procedure to significantly improve the outcomes of conventional physiotherapy in patients who have undergone an operation for shoulder instability.

PMID: 30451774 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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