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Teleconsultation for the Pharmaceutical Care of HIV Outpatients in Receipt of Home Antiretrovirals Delivery: Clinical, Economic, and Patient-Perceived Quality Analysis.

Teleconsultation for the Pharmaceutical Care of HIV Outpatients in Receipt of Home Antiretrovirals Delivery: Clinical, Economic, and Patient-Perceived Quality Analysis.

Teleconsultation for the Pharmaceutical Care of HIV Outpatients in Receipt of Home Antiretrovirals Delivery: Clinical, Economic, and Patient-Perceived Quality Analysis.

Telemed J E Health. 2018 Jul 23;:

Authors: Margusino-Framiñán L, Cid-Silva P, Castro-Iglesias Á, Mena-de-Cea Á, Rodríguez-Osorio I, Pernas-Souto B, Vázquez-Rodríguez P, López-Calvo S, Martín-Herranz I

Abstract
Background/Introduction: Pharmacist teleconsultations, combined with home drug delivery or mail-order pharmacy (MOP), can help hospital outpatients with difficulties accessing treatment. The objectives of this study are to describe a teleconsultation protocol and to evaluate clinical, economic, and patient-perceived quality results.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort observational study was carried out for 3 years on HIV outpatients. Clinical variables were adherence, plasma HIV-RNA, and CD4+ levels. A pharmacoeconomic analysis was carried out through a cost-minimization study. Patient-perceived quality was assessed through a satisfaction survey. Simple random sampling was performed for 95% safety, accuracy ±1%, and losses ±20%.
RESULTS: The 38 participants (sample size) consisted of 82% male patients, aged 44.7 ± 8.4 years. There were 854 teleconsultations and 100% treatment adherence. All HIV outpatients kept virally suppressed (p = 1.00) and maintained a controlled immunological level (p = 0.87). The economic evaluation revealed 137 ± 23 € patient/year costs-saved and 18.5 ± 7.2 h/patient/year working time gained. Patient-perceived quality average score was >9.4 out of 10 in all items; the most valued factors were the saving of direct costs and reconciliation with work commitments (45%) and the least valued attributes were making the payment for the shipment and having to adjust to a telephone appointment (41%).
DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS: A teleconsultation protocol associated with home antiretrovirals delivery or MOP obtains a high degree of satisfaction from the HIV hospital outpatients receiving treatment, without repercussions on the therapeutic objectives and with the saving of important direct costs for the patient and indirect costs in relation to labor productivity.

PMID: 30036159 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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