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Screening for retinopathy of prematurity by telemedicine in a tertiary level neonatal intensive care unit in France: Review of a six-year period.

Screening for retinopathy of prematurity by telemedicine in a tertiary level neonatal intensive care unit in France: Review of a six-year period.

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Screening for retinopathy of prematurity by telemedicine in a tertiary level neonatal intensive care unit in France: Review of a six-year period.

J Fr Ophtalmol. 2018 Nov 12;:

Authors: Chan H, Cougnard-Grégoire A, Korobelnik JF, Delyfer MN, Touboul D, Coste V, Sarlangue J, Dutheil C, Paya C

Abstract
PURPOSE: To analyze the prevalence and risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and severe (treatment-requiring) ROP.
METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in a level III neonatal unit in Bordeaux, France, from 2009 to 2015. Four hundred and nineteen preterm infants who were screened for ROP exclusively by RetCam were included.
RESULTS: ROP of any degree was diagnosed in 27.68% of infants. Stages 1, 2, 3 and 4 ROP was found in 44%, 46%, 9% and 1% of subjects, respectively. No stage 5 ROP was observed. 28/419 infants (6.6%) were treated exclusively with laser photocoagulation. No intravitreal anti-VEGF injections or surgical treatments were performed. No infants born at>31 weeks or with BW>1110g required ROP treatment. On multivariate analysis, risk factors for ROP development were low birth weight, low gestational age at birth, high duration of invasive mechanical ventilation, shock or use of vasopressors. On multivariate analysis, risk factors for severe, treatment-requiring ROP were male gender, gestational age≤27 weeks and Apgar score at 5minutes≤7.
CONCLUSION: In our 6-year series, ROP was successfully identified on screening exclusively by telemedicine, and no surgical treatment was required. This study identifies known ROP risk factors, but the Apgar score at 5minutes as a risk factor for severe ROP requires further studies in order to be confirmed.

PMID: 30442486 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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