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Presurgical Assessment Using Telemedicine Technology: Impact on Efficiency, Effectiveness, and Patient Experience of Care.

Presurgical Assessment Using Telemedicine Technology: Impact on Efficiency, Effectiveness, and Patient Experience of Care.

Presurgical Assessment Using Telemedicine Technology: Impact on Efficiency, Effectiveness, and Patient Experience of Care.

Telemed J E Health. 2018 Jul 26;:

Authors: Mullen-Fortino M, Rising KL, Duckworth J, Gwynn V, Sites FD, Hollander JE

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Preadmission testing (PAT) before surgical procedures ensures patient safety and decreases last minute case cancellations.
INTRODUCTION: PAT before surgery improves efficiency for the health system; however, the process is often inconvenient for the patient. We sought to determine the impact of telemedicine on the presurgical assessment.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review comparing patients who participated in telemedicine-based PAT to patients who had a routine, on-site PAT. Our outcomes aligned with National Quality Forum recommended domains for telehealth measures: access (time spent in evaluation), experience (patient satisfaction), and effectiveness (case cancellation rate).
RESULTS: There were 7,803 people evaluated; 361 with telemedicine and 7,442 without telemedicine. Compared with those not using telemedicine, the telemedicine group spent less time in the PAT by 24 min (95% confidence interval, 21.4-26.5), and had no case cancellations (0% vs. 1.1%; 95% confidence interval for the difference, 0.028-1.25%). Patient experience showed high rates of satisfaction with telemedicine.
DISCUSSION: We found that using telemedicine for PAT had benefits in terms of access, patient experience, and effectiveness, the three domains recommended for use in telehealth quality measures by the National Quality Forum. The improvements in evaluation times are beneficial for both patients and providers.
CONCLUSIONS: PAT utilizing telemedicine reduced overall patient time in the PAT and improved patient satisfaction without increasing the operative case cancellation rate.

PMID: 30048210 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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