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Predictors of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Adherence in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Predictors of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Adherence in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

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Predictors of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Adherence in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Lung. 2019 Jan 07;:

Authors: Mehrtash M, Bakker JP, Ayas N

Abstract
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disease which impacts quality of life, mood, cardiovascular morbidity, and mortality. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the first-line treatment for patients with moderate to severe OSA. CPAP ameliorates respiratory disturbances, leading to improvements in daytime sleepiness, quality of life, blood pressure, and cognition. However, despite the high efficacy of this device, CPAP adherence is often sub-optimal. Factors including: socio-demographic/economic characteristics, disease severity, psychological factors, and side-effects are thought to affect CPAP adherence in OSA patients. Intervention studies have suggested that augmented support/education, behavioral therapy, telemedicine and technological interventions may improve CPAP adherence. In this paper, we will extensively review the most common factors including age, gender, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, smoking status, severity of OSA, severity of OSA symptoms, psychological variables, social support, marital status/bed partner involvement, dry nose and mouth, mask leak, and nasal congestion that may predict CPAP adherence. We will also extensively review interventions that may increase adherence to CPAP.

PMID: 30617618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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