HumanInsight Patient-Reported Outcomes and Quality of Life After Single-Anastomosis Duodeno-ileal Bypass with Sleeve Gastrectomy (SADI-S): a Cross-Sectional Study with 283 Patients from a Single Institution
Obes Surg. 2023 Mar 15. doi: 10.1007/s11695-023-06554-x. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: Single-anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) is a safe and effective technique with good short- and mid-term weight control and associated medical problems remission for patients with a body mass index (BMI) > 45 kg/m2. The aim of this study was to analyze patient-reported symptoms, specifically symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms (GERD), depositional habit, and quality of life (QOL) following SADI-S, using telemedicine and validated tests.
METHODS: A prospective unicentric cross-sectional study was conducted including all patients submitted to SADI-S in the University Hospital of Bellvitge from May 2014 to September 2019. A baseline control group was composed of 67 patients who were planning to undergo SADI-S in the following 4 months. Patients were divided into four groups: pre-SADIS, < 2 years, 2-3 years, and > 3 years after surgery. The information gathered via a telematic questionnaire was analyzed and compared with its presence in patients' clinical history derived from the last presential visit.
RESULTS: The response rate to telematic tests was 86.9%. The mean BMI exhibited significant differences depending on the moment of evaluation: 50.8 kg/m2, 30.0 kg/m2, 31.1 kg/m2, and 32.7 kg/m2 at pre-SADIS, < 2, 2-3, and > 3 years follow-up, respectively (p < 0.001). The proportion of GERD symptoms increased over time (17.9%, 18.8%, 26.9%, and 30.2%, p = 0.320). After SADIS, the percentage of patients with loose stools was progressively higher (17.4% vs 25.4% vs 30.2%, p = 0.04). Patients with < 2-year follow-up presented an improvement in both physical component (PCS) and mental component (MCS) summaries compared to the baseline group (PCS = 51.3, and MCS = 49.4). The mean BMI of patients with PCS ≥ 50 was 31.9 kg/m2, compared with 41.7 kg/m2 in the PCS < 50 group (p < 0.001). In the MCS ≥ 50 group, there were more patients with a BMI < 35 kg/m2 than the MCS < 50 group (66.7% vs 48.7%, p = 0.004). Telematic follow-up offered a more systemic and detailed information: in the last presential visit only, 13.9% of patients had complete data regarding weight evolution, remission of associated medical problems, GERD symptoms, and depositional habit in comparison with the 82.9% of patients with telematic follow-up (p < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: Weight control is the main factor related to long-term QOL after SADI-S. The incidence of GERD symptoms and diarrhea was up to 30% in patients with > 3-year follow-up. Monitoring postoperative patient-related symptoms with validated objective tests seems a feasible and useful resource for the long-term follow-up of patients submitted to SADI-S.
PMID:36920683 | DOI:10.1007/s11695-023-06554-x
Powered by WPeMatico
Viale Campi Flegrei 55
80124 - Napoli
Via G.Porzio 4
Centro Direzionale G1
80143 - Napoli