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Orthogonal cameras system for tracking of laparoscopic instruments in training environments.

Orthogonal cameras system for tracking of laparoscopic instruments in training environments.

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Orthogonal cameras system for tracking of laparoscopic instruments in training environments.

Cir Cir. 2018;86(6):548-555

Authors: Pérez-Escamirosa F, Oropesa I, Sánchez-González P, Tapia-Jurado J, Ruiz-Lizarraga J, Minor-Martínez A

Abstract
Introduction: Motion analysis is a valuable tool for assessment of psychomotor skills in laparoscopy. Nonetheless, it requires technologies for tracking the activity of the laparoscopic instruments during training. This paper presents a sensor-free system to track the movements of laparoscopic instruments based on an orthogonal camera system and video image processing.
Methods: The movements of the laparoscopic instruments are tracked with two webcams placed in an orthogonal configuration. The position and orientation in the three-dimensional workspace are obtained using color markers placed on the tip of the instruments.
Results: Accuracy tests show a resolution of 0.14 mm for displacement, with 1694 cm3 of total workspace, and 0.54° in the angular movements. Mean relative errors of the tracking system were <1%. The orthogonal cameras show high precision, linearity, and repeatability of motion recording of the laparoscopic instruments.
Conclusion: The proposed system offers unconstrained manipulation of the instruments and a low-cost alternative for traditional tracking technologies.

PMID: 30401991 [PubMed - in process]

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