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Ongoing Development and Evaluation of a Method of Telemedicine: Burn Care Management With a Smartphone.

Ongoing Development and Evaluation of a Method of Telemedicine: Burn Care Management With a Smartphone.

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Ongoing Development and Evaluation of a Method of Telemedicine: Burn Care Management With a Smartphone.

J Burn Care Res. 2017 Dec 04;:

Authors: Boccara D, Bekara F, Soussi S, Legrand M, Chaouat M, Mimoun M, Serror K

Abstract
In cases involving small burns in patients without a comorbidity or associated pathology, a referral from a surgeon is necessary and sometimes it cannot be ascertained when the patient is not brought in by a specialized team. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the quality of our method for performing telemedicine. This retrospective study included the 323 patients who were initially treated using the telemedicine system implemented between 2011 and 2016. This procedure only involved patients burned over a small portion of their body's surface area (ie, ≤15%) who were between 15 and 75 years of age and who did not have a major comorbidity. The purpose of the procedure was to evaluate the need for surgery. The initial diagnosis regarding the need for a surgical procedure was accurate in 94.4% (305/323) of the cases. Eleven patients (3.4%) were transferred unnecessarily as they ultimately did not require surgery, and seven patients (2.2%) were ultimately transferred even though the need for surgery was not initially established at the time that the pictures were viewed. No initial errors in the photographic evaluation caused a worsening in the life-threatening, functional, or aesthetic prognoses. We have recently opted to use telemedicine for initial patient management. In 94.4% of cases, the opinion that was provided was accurate. Only 3.2% of the patients for whom outpatient treatment was recommended ultimately underwent surgery without subsequently experiencing the slightest injury due to any delay in therapy. Although it will never replace clinical examination, these results have encouraged us to develop telemedicine based on digital photography.

PMID: 29789857 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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