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Model for Medical Student Introductory Telemedicine Education.

Model for Medical Student Introductory Telemedicine Education.

Model for Medical Student Introductory Telemedicine Education.

Telemed J E Health. 2018 Aug 24;:

Authors: Walker C, Echternacht H, Brophy PD

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Several medical specialty organizations and the American Telemedicine Association have developed specialty-specific guidelines and tips for optimal telemedicine use. Formal introductory education for medical students appears to lag behind these other developments.
INTRODUCTION: Leaders at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics recognized that students would benefit from an introductory educational program pertinent across all specialties to prepare them for future telemedicine use. The program objective was to introduce a short educational intervention highlighting basic principles to improve knowledge and help students gain confidence with telemedicine technology.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The program consists of three modules, a video, and a simulation session. The first module presents telemedicine history, current uses, terminology, Medicare-Medicaid rules, and legal issues. The second addresses efficacy, ethical concerns, and best practices. The third reviews steps for success, including environment (sound, lighting, color, and camera placement), communication tips, documentation, and follow-up. The video demonstrates an ideal telemedicine visit. A short quiz follows each module. A 1-h simulation session utilizes case scenarios, telemedicine software, and peripheral equipment. A retrospective pretest and posttest were used to gauge success.
RESULTS: One hundred fifty-three second year medical students completed the program during 2017. Ninety-three (60%) completed the questionnaire. Posttest results showed higher (positive) mean scores for all questions addressed in the program regarding basic telemedicine knowledge and confidence issues.
CONCLUSION: This program model was effective in improving basic knowledge and confidence in telemedicine among second-year medical students. We speculate that they are more informed and prepared for future telemedicine rotations and practices.

PMID: 30142029 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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