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Mobile health solutions: An opportunity for rehabilitation in low- and middle income countries?

HumanInsight Mobile health solutions: An opportunity for rehabilitation in low- and middle income countries?

Front Public Health. 2023 Jan 24;10:1072322. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2022.1072322. eCollection 2022.


Mobile health (mHealth) development has advanced rapidly, indicating promise as an effective patient intervention. mHealth has many potential benefits that could help the treatment of patients, and the development of rehabilitation in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). mHealth is a low-cost option that does not need rapid access to healthcare clinics or employees. It increases the feasibility and rationality of clinical treatment expectations in comparison to the conventional clinical model of management by promoting patient adherence to the treatment plan. mHealth can also serve as a basis for formulating treatment plans and partially compensate for the shortcomings of the traditional model. In addition, mHealth can help achieve universal rehabilitation service coverage by overcoming geographical barriers, thereby increasing the number of ways patients can benefit from the rehabilitation service, and by providing rehabilitation to individuals in remote areas and communities with insufficient healthcare services. However, despite these positive potential aspects, there is currently only a very limited number of studies performed in LMICs using mHealth. In this study, we first reviewed the current evidence supporting the use of mHealth in rehabilitation to identify the countries where studies have been carried out. Then, we identify the current limitations of the implementation of such mHealth solutions and propose a 10-point action plan, focusing on the macro (e.g., policymakers), meso (e.g., technology and healthcare institutions), and micro (e.g., patients and relatives) levels to ease the use, validation, and implementation in LMICs and thus participate in the development and recognition of public health and rehabilitation in these countries.

PMID:36761328 | PMC:PMC9902940 | DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2022.1072322

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