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Microvessel density in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Microvessel density in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

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Microvessel density in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2018 May 10;:

Authors: Szafarowski T, Sierdzinski J, Szczepanski MJ, Whiteside TL, Ludwig N, Krzeski A

Abstract
PURPOSE: Microvessel density (MVD) corresponds to the intensity of neo-angiogenesis. MVD assessments are based on the expression levels of the vascular endothelium markers such as, e.g., CD34 or CD105. The goal of this study was to assess MVD among patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), and to evaluate the predictive value of MVD in head and neck cancers.
METHODS: The study included 49 patients treated for HNSCC and 11 patients with dysplasia of the upper respiratory tract epithelium. Control tissues consisted of 12 normal mucous membranes of the throat. Expression levels of MVD markers were assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) using tissue microarrays (TMA). Clinicopathological factors and patients' survival over the 5-year follow-up period were analyzed.
RESULTS: The MVD/CD34 values were found to be significantly elevated in the HNSCCs compared to the non-malignant control tissues (p = 0.001) and to dysplastic tissues. (p = 0.02). Significantly higher MVD/CD105 values were also seen in the tumor compared to the control tissues (p = 0.001) or the dysplastic tissues (p = 0.001). Unexpectedly, significantly lower MVD/CD34 values were seen in the tumor tissues of patients with the T3-T4 tumors compared to those with T1-T2 tumors (p = 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: HNSCCs have statistically higher MVD values compared to dysplasia of the upper respiratory tract epithelium. However, the MVD/CD34 values did not correlate with local invasiveness (the T feature) of HNSCCs. This counterintuitive observation suggests that assessments of MVD as performed on TMA by IHC using anti-CD34 or anti-CD105 antibodies considered to be specific for endothelial cell markers might underestimate the extent of the tumor vascularity in HNSCC.

PMID: 29748768 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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