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Medical nutrition treatment of women with gestational diabetes mellitus by a telemedicine system based on smartphones.

Medical nutrition treatment of women with gestational diabetes mellitus by a telemedicine system based on smartphones.

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Medical nutrition treatment of women with gestational diabetes mellitus by a telemedicine system based on smartphones.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2018 May 23;:

Authors: Yang P, Lo W, He ZL, Xiao XM

Abstract
AIM: To explore whether WeChat platform-based treatment of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) reduces the risk of perinatal complications and explore factors affecting gestational age at delivery.
METHODS: Pregnant women with GDM (n = 107) and normal glucose tolerance (n =50, group C) according to oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) results during gestational weeks 24-28 were included. Women with GDM were divided into groups A (n =57) and B (n =50) according to informed consent. According to GDM treatment norms, group B was given routine outpatient treatment and health education guidance. In addition to the interventions in group B, group A was given access to both a smartphone-based telemedicine system and articles providing continuous health education. The PBG level in groups A and B was compared, as were differences in maternal and fetal outcomes. Data were analyzed by t-test, analysis of variance (anova), chi-square test and multiple linear regression, with P < 0.05 considered significant.
RESULTS: Fasting blood glucose (FBG) and 2-h postprandial blood glucose (PBG) were significantly lower and premature delivery was significantly less likely in group A than in group B (all P < 0.05). Compared with group B, caesarean section was more likely in group A (P < 0.05). Pregnancy-induced hypertension had a higher incidence in group B than in group C (P < 0.05). Gestational age at delivery was associated with OGTT2h, premature fetal membrane rupture and self-monitoring of blood glucose.
CONCLUSION: GDM treatment based on the WeChat platform effectively reduces FBG and 2-h PBG and may improve pregnancy outcomes. However, 1-h PBG was not affected by treatment. Obstetricians should consider the OGTT2h value to increase gestational age at delivery.

PMID: 29797375 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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