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Long-term effects and quality of life following definitive bile duct reconstruction.

Long-term effects and quality of life following definitive bile duct reconstruction.

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Long-term effects and quality of life following definitive bile duct reconstruction.

Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Oct;97(41):e12684

Authors: Otto W, Sierdziński J, Smaga J, Dudek K, Zieniewicz K

Abstract
The study covered a cohort of 236 patients with transection of hepatic duct. It aimed to assess the long-term outcome of the reconstruction and a patient's quality of life.The literature contains many controversies over timing of biliary reconstruction and who ought to repair the injury but just few reports on the long-term outcomes and patient's quality of life.The bile duct system was reconstructed by hepaticojejunostomy in 236 patients. Of these, 139 patients were initially repaired at a public hospital and referred because of stricture (Group A, N = 59) or of an anastomosis dehiscence (Group B, N = 80); 97 were unrepaired and referred because of a surgical clip occluding the duct (Group C, N = 39) or bile leakage from an open duct (Group D, N = 58). All patients were surveyed in 2015 for quality of life using WHOQOL-BREF.The mean time of follow-up was 150 months. The time without symptoms amounted to >5 years in 78.6% of patients. The mean time before anastomosis renewal ranged from 8.9 to 4.7 years (P < .04). Multivariate analysis showed infection, failure of reconstruction in public hospital, and female sex as factors responsible for poor long-term outcome.Patients in Group C had better quality of life than the others (P < .001) with respect to physical health (median 67.85) and psychological condition (median 79.16). The overall mortality was 15.2%.The long-term result of reconstruction depends on the cause of referral which, in turn, arises from subsequent intervention taken in local hospitals.

PMID: 30313064 [PubMed - in process]

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