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Leveraging technology to promote smoking cessation in urban and rural primary care medical offices.

Leveraging technology to promote smoking cessation in urban and rural primary care medical offices.

Leveraging technology to promote smoking cessation in urban and rural primary care medical offices.

Prev Med. 2018 Jun 25;:

Authors: Mahoney MC, Erwin DO, Twarozek AM, Saad-Harfouche FG, Rodriguez EM, Sun X, Underwood W, Fox C

Abstract
We examined the use of automated voice recognition (AVR) messages targeting smokers from primary care practices located in underserved urban and rural communities to promote smoking cessation. We partnered with urban and rural primary care medical offices (n = 7) interested in offering this service to patients. Current smokers, 18 years and older, who had completed an office visit within the previous 12 months, from these sites were used to create a smoker's registry. Smokers were recruited within an eight county region of western New York State between June 2012 and August 2013. Participants were contacted over six month intervals using the AVR system. Among 5812 smokers accrued 1899 (32%) were reached through the AVR system and 55% (n = 1049) continued to receive calls. Smokers with race other than white or African American were less likely to be reached (OR = 0.71, 0.57-0.90), while smokers ages 40 and over were more likely to be reached. Females (OR = 0.78, 0.65-0.95) and persons over age 40 years were less likely to opt out, while rural smokers were more likely to opt out (OR = 3.84, 3.01-4.90). Among those receiving AVR calls, 30% reported smoke free (self-reported abstinence over a 24 h period) at last contact; smokers from rural areas were more likely to report being smoke free (OR = 1.41, 1.01-1.97). An AVR-based smoking cessation intervention provided added value beyond typical tobacco cessation efforts available in these primary care offices. This intervention required no additional clinical staff time and served to satisfy a component of patient center medical home requirements for practices.

PMID: 29953897 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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