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Interactive Remote Patient Monitoring Devices for Managing Chronic Health Conditions: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

HumanInsight Interactive Remote Patient Monitoring Devices for Managing Chronic Health Conditions: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

J Med Internet Res. 2022 Nov 3;24(11):e35508. doi: 10.2196/35508.


BACKGROUND: Telemedicine is an expanding and feasible approach to improve medical care for patients with long-term conditions. However, there is a poor understanding of patients' acceptability of this technology and their rate of uptake.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the current evidence on telemonitoring in the management of patients with long-term conditions and evaluate the patients' uptake and acceptability of this technology.

METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus, and CENTRAL (the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) were searched from the date of inception to February 5, 2021, with no language restrictions. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they reported any of the following outcomes: intervention uptake and adherence; study retention; patient acceptability, satisfaction, and experience using the intervention; changes in physiological values; all-cause and cardiovascular-related hospitalization; all-cause and disease-specific mortality; patient-reported outcome measures; and quality of life. In total, 2 reviewers independently assessed the articles for eligibility.

RESULTS: A total of 96 studies were included, and 58 (60%) were pooled for the meta-analyses. Meta-analyses showed a reduction in mortality (risk ratio=0.71, 95% CI 0.56-0.89; P=.003; I2=0%) and improvements in blood pressure (mean difference [MD]=-3.85 mm Hg, 95% CI -7.03 to -0.68; P=.02; I2=100%) and glycated hemoglobin (MD=-0.33, 95% CI -0.57 to -0.09; P=.008; I2=99%) but no significant improvements in quality of life (MD=1.45, 95% CI -0.10 to 3; P=.07; I2=80%) and an increased risk of hospitalization (risk ratio=1.02, 95% CI 0.85-1.23; P=.81; I2=79%) with telemonitoring compared with usual care. A total of 12% (12/96) of the studies reported adherence outcomes, and 9% (9/96) reported on satisfaction and acceptance outcomes; however, heterogeneity in the assessment methods meant that a meta-analysis could not be performed.

CONCLUSIONS: Telemonitoring is a valid alternative to usual care, reducing mortality and improving self-management of the disease, with patients reporting good satisfaction and adherence. Further studies are required to address some potential concerns regarding higher hospitalization rates and a lack of positive impact on patients' quality of life.


PMID:36326818 | DOI:10.2196/35508

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