HumanInsight In-person follow-up visit attendance after telemedicine visits
Minerva Pediatr (Torino). 2022 Oct 31. doi: 10.23736/S2724-5276.22.06389-3. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Although Coronavirus disease 2019 rapidly increased the use of telemedicine for pediatric primary care, vaccinations, screening tests, lab draws, and other procedures still require follow-up in-person visits. We investigated in-person follow-up rates after telemedicine visits at our primary care clinic, and what patient or visit characteristics were associated with non-completion of in-person follow-up.
METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of telemedicine visits completed between April and May 2020. A manual chart review was performed to determine which encounters required a follow-up in-person visit; and was tracked through August 2020. Bivariate comparisons were performed according to completion of in-person follow-up and multivariable analysis of follow-up visit attendance was performed using Cox proportional hazards regression.
RESULTS: Of 500 eligible encounters, 16% did not attend at least one in-person follow-up. The median time for follow-up was 2 days (IQR: 1, 6). Patients older than 1 year of age (32%, p= <0.001) and with Medicaid insurance (83%, p=0.019) were more likely to not complete a follow-up visit. The likelihood of completion was higher for Hispanic as compared to non-Hispanic Black patients (HR: 1.65; 95% CI: 1.28, 2.12; p<0.001) and patients requiring routine screening (HR: 1.40; 95% CI: 1.04, 1.89; p=0.028).
CONCLUSIONS: Not all required in-person follow-ups were completed after telemedicine visits, which could have negative impacts on children's health. Improving the transition between telemedicine and inperson follow-up of primary care can help ensure the quality of care provided in a telemedicine-first model.
PMID:36315412 | DOI:10.23736/S2724-5276.22.06389-3
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