HumanInsight Importance of telemedicine in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer disease patients population during admission to emergency departments with COVID-19
Medicine (Baltimore). 2023 Feb 22;102(8):e32934. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000032934.
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared a global pandemic due to the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, and several governments have planned a national quarantine to control the spread of the virus. Acute psychological effects during hospitalization in frail elderly individuals with special needs, such as patients with dementia, have been little studied. The greatest distress manifested by these kinds of patients was isolation from their families during hospitalization. Thus, structured video call interventions were carried out to family caregivers of patients diagnosed with dementia during their hospitalization in the COVID-19 ward. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to assess changes in cognitive and behavioral symptoms in both patients and caregivers. All study participants underwent psychological assessments. Specifically, the psychological well-being states of patients and their caregivers were measured at admission (T0) and discharge (T1) using psychometric tests and clinical scales. Each participant received an electronic device to access video calls in addition meetings were scheduled with the psychologist and medical team to keep caregivers updated on the health status of their relatives. A psychological support and cognitive rehabilitation service was also provided. Significant differences were found in all clinical variables of the caregiver group. Results showed a significant relationship in the quality of life score between the patient and caregiver groups. The results of this study has highlighted the importance of maintaining significantly effective relationships during the hospitalization period of patients admitted to COVID wards.
PMID:36827032 | DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000032934
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