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Functional multislice computed tomography of the orbits in diagnosis of incomitant strabismus


HumanInsight Functional multislice computed tomography of the orbits in diagnosis of incomitant strabismus

Vestn Oftalmol. 2021;137(5. Vyp. 2):248-254. doi: 10.17116/oftalma2021137052248.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To study the value of functional multislice computed tomography (MSCT) of the orbits in examination of patients with complex incomitant strabismus.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 34 patients. In 8 (23.5%) out of 34 patients, strabismus occurred as the result of an orbital injury. In some patients, incomitant strabismus was a complication of: retrobulbar injection of drugs (4 cases (11.7%)); endoscopic sinus surgery (6 cases (17.6%)); reconstructive surgery of orbits (7 cases (20.6%)). In 9 cases (26.5%), incomitant strabismus was detected in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED), of them 5 (14.7%) had previously undergone balanced orbital decompression (BOD). All patients underwent functional MSCT of the orbits.

RESULTS: Complete absence of the contractile function of the studied muscles was noted in 6 cases with loss of ocular motility in one or several directions of gaze. Contraction of the injured muscle and its fixation in the area of iatrogenic defect in the orbital wall was observed in 6 patients with severe limitation of ocular motility. limitation of the excursion of the inferior and/or medial rectus muscles due to their fixation in the fracture of the orbital wall was observed in 5 patients after orbital trauma. Signs of contracture of the inferior rectus muscle were revealed in 4 cases of strabismus that occurred after retrobulbar anesthesia. Pronounced increase in the lateral dimensions of the extraocular muscles was determined in 4 patients with TED, as well as in patients who had underwent BOD. Displacement of the lateral and medial rectus muscles into the formed bony windows with a change in the vector of their action was observed in patients who had underwent BOD.

CONCLUSION: The data obtained with functional MSCT of the orbits in 34 patients allowed more accurate characterization of the oculomotor disorders and evaluation of the functional state of the extraocular muscles.

PMID:34669334 | DOI:10.17116/oftalma2021137052248

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