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Female migraine patients had lower COVID-19 phobia and PCL-5 scores during the lockdown period

HumanInsight Female migraine patients had lower COVID-19 phobia and PCL-5 scores during the lockdown period

Acta Neurol Belg. 2023 Jan 19. doi: 10.1007/s13760-023-02175-4. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: To examine the impact of the lockdown period of the pandemic on COVID-19 phobia and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in migraine patients.

METHODS: A total of 73 patients, including 39 migraine and 34 controls, completed the study during the lockdown period. The patients were evaluated using the Structured Headache Questionnaire, PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) (PCL-5) and COVID-19 Phobia Scale via the telephone-based telemedicine method.

RESULTS: Migraine patients had significantly lower scores in all subgroups of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (mean = 42.33 ± 12.67) than those in the healthy control group (mean = 52.88 ± 13.18). PCL-5 scale scores in migraine patients were significantly lower (mean = 27.18 ± 14.34) compared to the healthy controls (Mean = 34.03 ± 14.36). Migraine attack frequency decreased or did not change in 67% of the patients during the lockdown period.

CONCLUSION: Acute stress response to an extraordinary situation such as a pandemic may be more controlled in migraine patients, yet specific phobia and post-traumatic stress disorder have been reported more frequently in patients with migraine under normal living conditions. We interpreted that the life-long headache-associated stress may generate a tendency to resilience and resistance to extraordinary traumatic events in migraine patients.

PMID:36658450 | DOI:10.1007/s13760-023-02175-4

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