HumanInsight Factors Affecting Participation in Telerehabilitation Using Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Patients with Poststroke Paralysis in South Korea
Telemed J E Health. 2023 Jan 24. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2022.0452. Online ahead of print.
Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has expanded noncontact health care systems worldwide. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a noninvasive brain stimulation technology that enables treatment monitoring under remote supervision. We investigated the factors affecting patients' decision to participate in telerehabilitation (TR) using tDCS for motor function recovery after suffering a stroke. Materials and Methods: Four medical institutions surveyed 156 patients with poststroke paralysis. The participants were asked whether they would participate in TR therapy using tDCS in the future. We performed logistic regression analysis to examine the factors-demographic data, stroke characteristics, arm function, gait, and cognitive function-that influenced participants' decisions. Results: Of the participants, 66% (103/156) reported that they would participate in TR using tDCS in the future. Participants' monthly salary was a single significant independent factor influencing their decision to participate. Those earning greater than 5 million KRW (4,000 USD) were more likely to engage in TR via tDCS than those earning less than 1 million KRW (800 USD). The most common barriers to participation in telemedicine included the preference for face-to-face treatment and unfamiliarity. The expected medical expenses of TR using tDCS were 46,154 KRW (37 USD) per session. Conclusions: Most participants with poststroke paralysis responded positively to TR using tDCS for hand function recovery. For telemedicine to work effectively in a situation wherein face-to-face rehabilitation is impossible, prior discussion at the governmental level is essential for determining medical finances.
PMID:36695668 | DOI:10.1089/tmj.2022.0452
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