HumanInsight Evaluation of the rapid implementation of telehealth during the COVID-19 pandemic: a qualitative study among adolescents and their parents
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2022 Nov 12. doi: 10.1007/s00787-022-02108-1. Online ahead of print.
The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic catalysed an abrupt explosion in the use telepsychiatry for the delivery of mental health services. We aimed to explore the experience of telemedicine use during this period among adolescent outpatients and inpatients and their parents. This qualitative study took place in a French adolescent medicine and psychiatry department during the first lockdown. Data collection by purposive sampling continued until we reached theoretical sufficiency. The interviews were analysed by applying Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis which is based on an iterative, inductive process. It included 20 participants: 10 adolescents and 10 parents. The analysis showed three themes: (1) facilitators of a switch from face-to-face to tele-consultation: (a) the context of health emergency, (b) the integration of parents in the treatment, (c) the choice between telephone or video consultation; (2) distance from the therapist's gaze and its consequences: (a) an obstacle to decrypting clinical nonverbal communication, (b) effectiveness depends on the severity of the adolescent's symptoms, (c) and on the previous quality of the therapeutic relationship; (3) awareness of the value of the face-to-face therapeutic space. In the post-COVID era, practitioners would benefit from combining both approaches, face-to-face and remote, based on the quality of the therapeutic alliance, the pathology, the parents' availability for in-person participation, and the patient's age. Future quantitative research will also be necessary to establish the extent to which the experiences described by the participants in this study reflect those of a broader population.
PMID:36370315 | DOI:10.1007/s00787-022-02108-1
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